Meaning Of Dayak Tattoo Tradition In Dayak Tribe


Nowadays, tattoos are the modern lifestyle in the form of scratches, drawings, or symbols that form a design on a person’s skin. In Dayak Tribe, Indonesia, Dayak tattoo means more than just lifestyle but part of a religious tradition, a person’s social status in society or a tribal appreciation of one’s ability. In big cities, tattoos have a role in the association of urban society. However, in historical records, tattoos have been the stigmatization of crime.

Meaning Of Dayak Tattoo Tradition

Meaning Of Dayak Tattoo

In the Dayak language, a tattoo is known as Tutang, Abstinence, or Tedak. Because of Dayak tattoo has a certain meaning in this tribe, in making a good tattoo whether from the choice of images, social structure, until the placement of tattoos have the certain rules and not carelessly tattooing the body.

In terms of religious, Dayaks believe that tattoos have the meaning as a torch for the soul of the owner in order to give light on a journey into the afterlife. In terms of social status, tattoos with certain motives and placements in body parts have their own meaning. For example, tattoos around the finger indicate the person is a treatment expert.

The more tattoos on the hands show the person is more helpful and expert in the treatment. The Dayak Kenyah and Dayak Kayan tribe in East Kalimantan, the number of tattoos on someone indicates that the person has often wander or a hunter. Usually, people with hornbills tattoo or endemic bird that are most sacred on the Borneo indicate that the person is from the nobility.

For women, the tattoo function is more than just decorating themselves but as general and special things such as symbols of appreciation and marker of his skill in weaving and dancing. Weaving there is the same as the war action that men have done.

In general, tattooing the Dayak tribe is done in “lugaan” or tattoo house and still use a traditional technique. The tools that are used are “tukul tedak” for tattoo beater, helaan tedak as a cushion, flowers tedak, and lu tedak as a tattoo needle. The tattoo ink material uses soot from a black pot. Tattoos are art that born from the culture that has long roots.

Conclusion

The Dayak tattoo means more than just a lifestyle but part of a religious tradition, a person’s social status in society or a tribal appreciation of one’s ability.


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