Gamelan Banjar From South Kalimantan Indonesia

Gamelan Banjar is classified into “instrumental gamelan instruments”. This type of music device is classified into Gamelan because it is dominated by instruments which the source of the sound comes from the metal with the shape of blades or gong berpencong.

The main thing in this gamelan is instrumental. If there is a vocal element, then the vocal is treated like other musical instruments. The uniqueness of this gamelan has a very distinctive sound.

Gamelan Banjar

Gamelan Banjar

The Gamelan Banjar tone alignment system is pentatonists which are approaching slendro Bali (salonding). This music is different from the Javanese or Balinese gamelan. Moreover, it has two versions, the palace version and the version of the people.

The palace version consists of babun, two drum, rebab, gambangselentemketukabusarun 1, sarun 2, sarun 3, flute, kandunglangsi, big gong, and small gong. While the version of the people consists of babunabusarusarantamkandunglangsi, big gong, and small gong.

From the instrumental side, the palace version has more instruments than the version of people. The palace instruments have eight same instruments and five instruments that are not owned by the people version. They are two drum instruments, rebab, gambang, tap, and flute.

Gamelan Banjar

The Gamelan Banjar has been around since the 14th century in the Negara Dipa Kingdom era. It brought by Prince Suryanta to South Kalimantan along with Banjar Wayang Kulit art and keris weapons as a gift of Majapahit Kingdom.

Post-collapse of Daha State Kingdom, the people of South Kalimantan were told to imitate Javanese culture. Besides the history and uniqueness, this instrument is also to accompany other types of performing arts.

The types of art are dance, horse gipang, Banjar mask, and wayang Banjar either wayang kulit or wayang gung. The performances are often used in ceremonial and sacred events.

Conclusion

Gamelan Banjar is dominated by instruments which the source of the sound comes from the metal with the shape of blades or gong berpencong.

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