Askiya The Oral Tradition in Uzbekistan Culture

Askiya is a type of oral tradition. Precisely, it is the art of joking and one of the Lists of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity from Uzbekistan culture. Askiya is said to be one of the genres of an oral tradition of Uzbek people.

The art takes the form of the dialogue between two or more participants. They must be fluent in arguing and exchanging jokes around in a particular theme. Though the dialogue is funny, it plays a very valuable role in raising awareness of social issues or events that occur.

Askiya In Uzbekistan Culture

The themes of Askiya tend to revolve around the problems of everyday life. The Askiya series is often performed within the scope of popular festivals such as family-related rituals and gathering traditions which held in villages throughout Uzbekistan.

Askiya is an oral tradition from Uzbekistan culture

There are two different types of Askiya, namely Maishiy Askiya (Askiya in everyday life) and Sahnaviy Askiya (Askiya on stage). This Uzbekistan tradition is done mainly by men who master the peculiarities of language and able to improvise by using humor and banter.

There are more than thirty known forms of Askiya including Qofiya, Terma, Sayli, Safsata, Radif, Payrov, Okhshatdim, and Gulmisiz. These types also have their own characteristics. Askiya often becomes a fluency contest which is organized mainly in the form of the dialogue between two or more participants.

The knowledge and skills of Askiya in the past are believed to be transmitted orally between individuals, groups, and communities based on teacher-student teaching methods within the scope of traditional art.

Askiya’s Meaning

Askiya can be regarded as a reflection of feelings, freedom of expression of the Uzbek people, identity, and succession. Moreover, Askiya can make people entertain and laugh. Basically, Askiya is representative of the culture of opinion.

Askiya is an oral tradition from Uzbekistan culture

Askiya also has a strong educational component by using humor to teach people to become more attentive to their surroundings. So, people can analyze the weaknesses and shortcomings that exist in life.

Askiya is now expected to promote joy, togetherness, ensuring communication between people, and bring together the representatives from different communities of age and background.

With a deep-rooted history as well as a force for cultural and social development, Askiya has been added to the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the end of 2014.

Conclusion

Askiya is an oral tradition from Uzbekistan culture. Askiya can be regarded as a reflection of feelings, freedom of expression of the Uzbek people, identity, and succession.

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