The Amphitheater of El Jem is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1979. Its size if pulled from the largest axis is 148 meters and the smallest axis is 122 meters. For capacity, this site with its high rows of seats up to 36 meters high is able to accommodate up to 35,000 spectators.
The main attraction of this site is because the model is almost identical to the Colosseum in Rome. It is also becomes a witness of the influence of Roman architecture on the African continent.
The distinction of the place is adapted according to the degree and social status of society. It was also considered as a perfect metaphor for a good government in the Roman Empire. For the same reason, everyone knows their place and can sit quietly in the Amphitheater without any conflict.
The Amphitheatre of El Jem
The Amphitheater El Jem is equipped with gates, hallways, and rooms for a procession. Approximately, there is about 230 Amphitheatre built throughout the Roman Empire and the two amphitheaters in El Jem.
In the understanding of African-Roman history, the Amphitheater of El Jem is an important milestone. The amphitheater development in a less developed province is characteristic of the Roman imperial propaganda strategy.
Remembering the greatness of its structure, this Amphitheater will only become regular under the impression that amphitheater was built when the Roman Empire experienced a period of prosperity and peace. The exact date of when the amphitheater construction began still uncertain.
The speculation that many get support is around 238 AD. Unfortunately, the year was also known as the Six-Year Emperors because there were six people who were recognized as emperors of Rome during the year. It also recorded some turmoil, an overthrow of power until rebellion.
The Amphitheater of El Jem may have been conceived by the emperor Gordian I or his grandson, Gordian III who was also one of the six emperors. However, some suspected that the unfinished buildings could indicate that the El Jem Amphitheater was built with a lack of funds in addition to the political turmoil in the Empire.
The Amphitheater of El Jem is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and the model is almost identical to the Colosseum in Rome.